Preface. Acknowledgements. How to use this book. Normal range for investigations. Part 1 Basics. Basic science. Approach to the patient. Clinical overview. Part 2 Cases. Patients with acute renal failure. Case 1 An 84-year-old man with a reduced urine output. Case 2 A 74-year-old man with acute renal failure. Case 3 A 64-year-old man with back pain and polydipsia. Case 4 A 20-year-old female with facial swelling and coke-coloured urine. Case 5 A 68-year-old man with hearing loss, fatigue and arthralgia. Case 6 A 19-year-old man with macroscopic haematuria. Case 7 A 27-year-old female with a rash and renal impairment. Case 8 A 26-year-old man with haemoptysis and oliguria. Case 9 A 25-year-old female presents with rash and joint pain. Case 10 An 18-year-old female with lethargy and headache. Patients with nephrotic syndrome. Case 11 A 56-year-old man with ankle swelling. Case 12 An 80-year-old with abdominal discomfort and ankle swelling. Case 13 A 23-year-old obese female with ankle swelling. Case 14 A 15-year-old female with with facial swelling and frothy urine. Patients with hypertension. Case 15 A 50-year-old woman with hypertension. Case 16 A 60-year-old male smoker with hypertension and renal impairment. Patients with urine dipstick abnormalities. Case 17 A 25-year-old woman with dysuria and urine dipstick abnormalities. Case 18 A 40-year-old ex-intravenous drug user with protein and blood on urine dipstick. Case 19 A 35-year-old man with macroscopic haematuria. Case 20 An 82-year-old lady with dark urine. Acid-base and electrolyte problems. Case 21 A 28-year-old type I diabetic man with abdominal pain and vomiting. Case 22 A 22-year-old with weakness and lethargy . Case 23 A 58-year-old type 2 diabetic with confusion and hyponatraemia. Patients with CKD/ESRF. Case 24 A 49-year-old man with headache and malaise. Case 25 A 23-year-old man with shortness of breath. Case 26 A 34-year-old man on haemodialysis. Case 27 A 54-year-old man with end-stage renal failure. Case 28 A 50-year-old man on peritoneal dialysis with abdominal pain. Renal transplantation. Case 29 A 49-year-old man with chronic kidney disease. Case 30 A 38-year-old man with a rise in creatinine 2 weeks post-renal transplant. Case 31 A 45-year-old man with a renal transplant and fever. Part 3 Self-assessment. MCQs. EMQs. SAQs. Answers. Index of cases by diagnosis. Index.