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Section 1: The Real Basics of Veterinary Medicine 1. The Medical History 2. The Physical Examination of the Dog and Cat 3. Basic Genetics 4. Clinical Genomics 5. Evidence-Based Medicine 6. Biomedical Statistics: Selected Topics 7. Euthanasia Section 2: Differential Diagnosis for Chief Complaints General 8. ADR 9. Distinguishing Behavioral Disorders from Medical Disorders 10. Dermatologic Manifestations of Systemic Disease 11. Ophthalmic Manifestations of Systemic Disease 12. Neurologic Manifestations of Systemic Disease 13. Intoxication Versus Acute, Nontoxicologic Illness: Differentiating the Two 14. Orthopedic Manifestations of Systemic Disease 15. Swollen Joints and Joint Pain 16. Weight Gain 17. Abdominal Enlargement 18. Peripheral Edema 19. Weight Loss as a Chief Complaint 20. Failure to Grow 21. Weakness 22. Restlessness 23. Anorexia 24. Polyphagia 25. Body Odors Cardiorespiratory 26. Coughing 27. Sneezing and Nasal Discharge 28. Tachypnea, Dyspnea, and Respiratory Distress 29. Epistaxis and Hemoptysis 30. Syncope Neurologic 31. Movement Disorders 32. Tremors 33. Ataxia, Paresis, Paralysis 34. Stupor and Coma 35. Seizures Gastrointestinal 36. Halitosis and Ptyalism 37. Gagging 38. Dysphagia 39. Vomiting and Regurgitation 40. Diarrhea 41. Melena and Hematochezia 42. Constipation, Tenesmus, Dyschezia, and Fecal Incontinence 43. Flatulence Urogenital 44. Vulvar and Preputial Discharge 45. Polyuria and Polydipsia 46. Pollakiuria, Stranguria, and Urinary Incontinence 47. Hematuria and Other Conditions Causing Discolored Urine Section 3: Differential Diagnosis for Physical Examination Abnormalities 48. Fever 49. Hypothermia 50. Pallor 51. Hyperemia 52. Cyanosis 53. Jaundice 54. Petechiae and Ecchymoses 55. Abnormal Heart Sounds and Heart Murmurs 56. Pulse Alterations Section 4: Differential Diagnosis for Clinicopathologic Abnormalities 57. Anemia, Erythrocytosis 58. Leukopenia, Leukocytosis 59. Thrombocytopenia, Thrombocytosis 60. Hypo-/Hyperproteinemia 61. Hypo-/Hyperglycemia 62. Blood Urea Nitrogen and Creatinine 63. Cholesterol, Triglycerides 64. Amylase, Lipase 65. Liver Enzymes 66. Creatine Kinase 67. Sodium, Chloride 68. Potassium, Magnesium 69. Calcium, Phosphorus 70. Lactate 71. Ammonia 72. Urinalysis 73. Urinary Electrolyte Concentrations 74. Fluid Analysis: Thoracic, Abdominal, Joint Section 5: Techniques General 75. Venous and Arterial Puncture 76. Jugular Catheterization and Central Venous Pressure Measurement 77. Intraosseous Catheters 78. Constant Rate Infusions 79. Ear Vein Blood Glucose Monitoring 80. Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time 81. Fecal Examination 82. Nasoesophageal, Esophagostomy, Gastrostomy, and Jejunal Tube Placement Techniques 83. Care of Endoscopic Equipment 84. Hyperbaric Medicine Skin 85. Otoscopy, Ear Flushing, and Myringotomy 86. Scrapings, Fine-Needle Aspirations, and Biopsies of Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues 87. Cytology of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues Abdomen 88. Abdominal Ultrasonography 89. Abdominal Ultrasound: Aspirations and Biopsies 90. Abdominocentesis and Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage 91. Laparoscopy General Centesis and Biopsy 92. Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy 93. Cytology of Internal Organs 94. Arthrocentesis and Arthroscopy 95. Lymph Node Aspiration and Biopsy 96. Rhinoscopy, Nasal Flush, and Biopsy Respiratory/Cardiovascular 97. Respiratory and Inhalant Therapy 98. Pulse Oximetry 99. Blood Pressure Measurement 100. Chest Tube Placement 101. Transtracheal Wash and Bronchoscopy 102. Thoracocentesis/Pericardiocentesis 103. Electrocardiography 104. Echocardiography Renal/Urinary/Prostatic 105. Urine Collection 106. Management of Urinary Catheters 107. Unblocking of the Urethra 108. Cystoscopy and Urethroscopy 109. Peritoneal Dialysis 110. Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy/Hemodialysis 111. Prostatic Diagnostic Techniques Gastrointestinal 112. Gastric Intubation and Lavage 113. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 114. Enemas and Deobstipation Neurologic 115. Cerebrospinal Fluid Collection, Analysis, and Myelography 116. Muscle and Nerve Biopsy 117. Electromyography, Nerve Conduction Velocity Reproductive 118. Artificial Insemination in the Dog 119. Vaginoscopy and Vaginal Cytology Section 6: Minimally-Invasive Interventional Therapies 120. Overview of Interventional Medicine 121. Respiratory Interventional Therapies 122. Cardiovascular Interventional Therapies 123. Gastrointestinal Interventional Therapies 124. Urologic Interventional Therapies 125. Neoplastic Interventional Therapies Section 7: Critical Care 126. Pain Physiology, Identification and Management in the Acute Care Setting 127. Shock 128. Acid-Base, Oximetry, and Blood Gas Analysis 129. Crystalloid and Colloid Fluid Therapy 130. Blood Transfusions, Component Therapy, and Oxygen-Carrying Solutions 131. Oxygen Therapy 132. Sepsis and the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome 133. The Endocrine Response to Critical Illness 134. Heatstroke 135. Hemorrhage 136. 136. Status Epilepticus 137. 137. Systemic Anaphylaxis 138. 138. Sedation and Anesthesia in Critical Care 139. 139. Initial Evaluation of Respiratory Emergencies 140. Cardiopulmonary Arrest and CPR 141. Cardiac Emergencies 142. Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome 143. Acute Abdomen 144. Gastrointestinal Emergencies 145. Hepatic and Splenic Emergencies 146. Reproductive Emergencies 147. Global Approach to the Trauma Patient 148. Head Trauma 149. Thoracic Trauma 150. Urinary Tract Trauma Section 8: Toxicology 151. Toxin Exposure Therapy/Decontamination 152. Chemical Toxicoses 153. Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Toxicoses 154. Recreational Drug Toxicoses 155. Plant Toxicoses 156. Venomous Bites and Stings (Zootoxicoses) Section 9: Blood Pressure 157. Pathophysiology and Clinical Features of Systemic Hypertension 158. Treatment of Systemic Hypertension 159. Systemic Hypotension Section 10: Therapeutic Considerations in Medicine and Disease 160. Principles of Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics 161. Antibacterial Drug Therapy 162. Antifungal and Antiviral Therapy 163. Antiparasitic Therapy 164. Anti-inflammatory Therapy 165. Immunosuppressive Therapy 166. Analgesic Therapy 167. Antioxidants, Nutraceuticals, Probiotics, and Nutritional Supplements 168. Compounding Drugs 169. Adverse Drug Reactions Section 11: Dietary Considerations of Systemic Problems 170. Nutritional Assessment 171. Neonatal and Pediatric Nutrition 172. Nutrition for Healthy Adult Dogs 173. Nutritional Management of the Canine Performance Athlete 174. Nutrition for Healthy Adult Cats 175. Nutrition in Healthy Geriatric Cats and Dogs 176. Obesity 177. Cachexia and Sarcopenia 178. Nutritional Management of GI Disease 179. Nutritional Management of Exocrine Pancreatic Disease 180. Nutritional Management of Hepatobiliary Disease 181. Nutritional Management of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases 182. Dietary and Medical Considerations in Hyperlipidemia 183. Nutritional Management of Heart Disease 184. Nutritional Management of Renal Disease 185. Nutritional Management of Lower Urinary Tract Disease 186. Nutritional Management of Dermatologic Disease 187. Nutritional-Related Skeletal Disorders 188. Nutritional Management of Cancer 189. Critical Care Nutrition 190. Nutritional Uses of Fiber 191. Adverse Reactions to Food: Allergies versus Intolerance 192. Unconventional Diets (homemade, vegetarian, and raw) 193. Pet Food Safety and Regulatory Aspects of Pet Foods 194. Immunology and Nutrition Section 12: Hematologic and Immunologic Diseases 195. Immunologic and Hematologic Diseases: Intro and Drug Therapy 196. Coagulation Testing 197. Hyper- and Hypocoagulable States 198. Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia and Other Regenerative Anemias 199. Nonregenerative Anemia 200. Primary Polycythemia and Erythrocytosis 201. Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia, von Willebrand Disease, and Other Platelet Disorders 202. Immune-Mediated and Other Nonneoplastic White Blood Cell Disorders 203. Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis and Other Nonneoplastic Joint Disorders 204. Immune-Mediated Dermatologic Disorders 205. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 206. Nonneoplastic Diseases of the Spleen Section 13: Infectious Diseases General 207. Laboratory Dx of Infectious Dz 208. Companion Animal Vaccinations 209. Antimicrobial Resistance, Surveillance, and Nosocomial Infections 210. Zoonoses Bacterial Diseases 211. Lyme Disease 212. Mycobacterial Infections, Actinomycosis, and Nocardiosis 213. Brucellosis 214. Tetanus and Botulism 215. Bartonella - canine 216. Bartonella - feline 217. Leptospirosis 218. Ehrlichiosis, Anaplasmosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Neorickettsia 219. Erythrocytic Parasites 220. Enteric Bacterial Diseases Protozoal Dzs 221. Protozoal Diseases Viral Dzs 222. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection 223. Feline Leukemia Virus Infection 224. Coronavirus Infections, including Feline Infectious Peritonitis 225. Canine and Feline Parvovirus 226. Rabies 227. Canine Infect