Part I: The Essentials of Minimally Invasive Urologic Surgery 1. Endourology Surgical Anatomy 2. Urologic Laparoscopic Anatomy 3. Evaluation, Perioperative, and Postoperative Care of the Endourologic/laparoscopic Patient 4. Endourologic Instrumentation and Equipment 5. Laparoscopic Instrumentation and Equipment 6. Imaging in Minimally Invasive Urologic Surgery 7. Anesthetic Implications of Minimally Invasive Urologic Surgery 8. The Physiology of Laparoscopic Genitourinary Surgery 9. Physiology of Endoscopic Surgery 10. Laparoscopic Access, Trocar Placement and Exiting the Abdomen 11. Laparoscopic Training - Basic Skills to Complex Skills Part II: Adult Minimally Invasive Urologic Surgery 12. Laparoscopy in Renal Transplantation 13. Ureteral Obstruction: Congential, Intrinsic and Extrinsic Etiologies Evaluation and Treatment 14. Minimally Invasive Therapies for Renovascular Hypertension Disease 15. Laparoscopic Surgery for Renovascular Disease 16. Renal Cystic Disease 17. Caliceal Diverticula and Infundibular Stenosis 18. Upper Urinary Tract Infection - Bacteria, Fungal, Parasitic and Tuberculosis 19. Lower Urinary Tract Infection and Prostatitis 20. Voiding Neurogenic Bladder Evaluation and Minimally Invasive Treatment Options 21. Minimally Invasive Approaches to Female Urinary Incontinence and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 22. Interstitial Cystitis 23. Vesico-vaginal Fistula Repairs 24. Laparoscopic Treatment of Benign Testicular Disorders and Hernias 25. Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) and Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) 26. Urinary Calculi: Pathogenesis, Metabolic Evaluation and Medical Therapy 27. Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Urinary Stones and Non-calculus Applications 28. Shock Wave Physics of Lithotripsy: Mechanisms of Shock Wave Action and Progress Toward Improved SWL 29. Percutaneous Treatment of Renal and Ureteral Calculi 30. Retrograde Endoscopic Treatment of Renal Stones: Indications and Technique of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) 31. Endoscopic Treatment of Ureteral Stones 32. Minimally Invasive Treatment of Bladder Calculi 33. Lasers in Urology 34. Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy 35. Minimally Invasive, Nephron Sparing Interventions for Renal Lesions: Laparoscopy and Ablative Techniques 36. Novel Therapies of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma 37. Minimally Invasive Treatments for Bladder Cancer - From Transurethral Resection to Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy 8. Urothelial Tumors of Renal Pelvis and Ureter 39. Laparoscopic Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection for Testicular Tumors 40. Carcinoma of the Prostate - Diagnosis and Staging 41. Perineal Prostatectomy 42. Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy 43. Robotic Prostatectomy 44. Brachytherapy of Localized Prostate Cancer 45. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer: the European Experience 46. Cryotherapy of Localized Prostate Carcinomas 47. Hyperthermia in the Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer 48. Hand-assisted Laparoscopic Nephrectomy 49. Laparscopic Surgery of the Adrenal Gland 50. Genitourinary Trauma - Minimally Invasive Alternatives 51. Minimally Invasive Uses of Intestinal Segments for Urinary Diversion 52. Seminal Vesicle Disease 53. Complications of Ureteroscopy and Percutaneous Renal Surgery 54. Complications of Urologic Laparoscopy 55. Robotic Tools for Minimally Invasive Urologic Surgery Part III: Minimally Invasive Approaches to Pediatric Urology 56. Pediatric Laparascopic Renal Biopsy: Techniques and Indication 57. Minimally Invasive Surgical Approaches to the Pediatric Ureter 58. Renal Dysplasia and Cystic Disease Options 59. Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Minimally Invasive Surgery 60. Pediatric Voiding Dysfunction, Neurogenic Bladder, and Posterior Urethral Valves 61. Intersex 62. Laparascopy and Cryptorchidism 63. Minimally Invasive Treatment of Pediatric Urinary Calculi Disease.