Foreword; Part I. Physiology of Reproduction: 1. Folliculogenesis: from prenatal follicles to corpus luteum regression; 2. Mechanisms of follicular development: the role of gonadotrophins; 3. Human follicle culture in vitro; 4. Endometrial receptivity; 5. Molecular mechanisms of implantation-; Part II. Infertility Evaluation and Treatment: 6. Evaluation of the infertile female; 7. Fertiloscopy; 8. Microlaparoscopy; 9. Pediatric and adolescent gynecological laparoscopy; 10. Laparoscopic tubal anastomosis; 11. Tubal microsurgery versus assisted reproduction; 12. The future of operative laparoscopy for infertility; 13. Operative laparoscopy for uterine septum; 14. Lasers in reproductive surgery and infertility; 15. Ultrasonography of the endometrium for infertility; 16. Ultrasonography of the cervix; 17. Transrectal ultrasonography in male infertility; 18. The basic semen analysis: interpretation and clinical application; 19. Evaluation of sperm damage: beyond the WHO criteria; 20. Male factor infertility - state of ART; 21. Diagnosis and treatment of common ejaculatory disorders in a male infertility practice; 22. Ovulation induction; 23. Clomiphene citrate and alternatives for ovulation induction; 24. Aromatase inhibitors for assisted reproduction; 25. Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of gonadotrophins; 26. The future of gonadotrophins; 27. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome; 28. Reducing the risk of high order multiple pregnancy due to ovulation induction; 29. Hyperprolactinemia; 30. Medical management of PCOS; 31. Surgical management of PCOS; 32. Endometriosis associated infertility; 33. Medical management for endometriosis; 34. Reproductive surgery for endometriosis-associated infertility; 35. Congenital uterine malformations and reproduction; 36. Unexplained infertility; 37. Premature ovarian failure (POF): characteristics, diagnosis, and management; Part III. Assisted Reproduction: 38. Medical strategies to improve ART outcome: current evidence; 39. Surgical preparation of the patient for in-vitro fertilizationy; 40. IVF in medically complicated patients; 41. Polycystic ovary syndrome and IVF; 42. Endometriosis and assisted reproductive technology; 43. Evidence-based medicine comparing HMG/FSH and agonist/antagonist and rec/urinary hcg/LH/GnRH to trigger ovulation; 44. Luteal phase support in assisted reproduction; 45. Thrombophilia; 46. Intrauterine insemination; 47. The prediction and management of poor responders in ART; 48. Oocyte donation; 49. In-vitro maturation of oocytes; 50. Oocyte and embryo freezing; 51. Semen cryopreservation; 52. The management of azoospermia; 53. Spermatid injection: current status; 54. Optimizing embryo transfer; 55. Single embryo transfer; 56. Blastocyte transfer; 57. Clinical significance of embryo multinucleation; 58. Quality control in the IVF laboratory; 59. Nursing in assisted reproduction; 60. Clinical outcomes in ART: can the playing field be made level?; 61. Chinese medicine; 62. Complications of assisted reproductive technology; 63. Ectopic and heterotopic pregnancies from IVF; 64. The impact of oxidative stress on female reproduction and ART: an evidence-based review; 65. PGD for chromosomal anomalie; 66. PGD for monogenic disorders and molecular diseases; 67. Epigenetics and ART; 68. Congenital abnormalities and assisted reproductive technology; Part IV. Ethical Dilemmas in Fertility and Assisted Reproduction: 69. Stem cell research; 70. Fertility preservation in male and female patients; 71. Ethical dilemmas in ART: current issues; 72. Infertility treatment in perimenopausal women: ethical considerations; 73. Religious perspectives of ethical issues in ART; 74. The future of assisted reproduction.