Foreword; Preface; Abbreviations; 1. What is osteoporosis?; * Definition; * Aetiology of fractures; * Factors that influence bone strength; * Falls; * Impact of falls; * Fractures associated with osteoporosis; 2. Epidemiology, risk and risk factors; * Introduction; * Epidemiology of osteoporosis; * Epidemiology of fracture; * Risk estimates; * Epidemiology of fracture - future trends; * Outcome after fracture; * Economic impact; * Risk factors for osteoporosis and fracture; * Falls and their impact; * Bone turnover and fracture risk; * Secondary causes; * Steroid induced osteoporosis; * Rheumatoid arthritis; * Transplantation; * Athletes; * Anorexia nervosa; * Men, osteoporosis and fractures; 3. How to assess and monitor; * Introduction; * Assessing risk - the principles; * Methods of assessing risk of osteoporosis and fracture; * Fracture probability; * Investigating osteoporosis and fracture; * Methods of monitoring treatment; 4. Management of osteoporosis; * Introduction; * Lifestyle interventions; * Pharmacological interventions; * Non-pharmacological interventions; * Fracture management; 5. Osteoporosis in clinical care; * Introduction; * Opportunities for prevention and treatments; * Childhood; * Teenage and young adulthood; * In midlife - peri- and postmenopausal years; * In old age; * Osteoporosis in men; * Steroid induced osteoporosis; Index.