Paediatric Respiratory Medicine Second edition remains the first point of reference for those faced with treating acute or chronic respiratory problems. The handbook discusses the approach to clinical problems, specific conditions, supportive care and practical procedures, and includes vital appendices covering specific tests and statistics. Designed as a practical guide, it serves general and specialist paediatricians at both consultant and trainee level. The book is divided into five parts. Part I provides a practical approach to acute and non-acute clinical problems. Part II provides detailed information about common and more rare clinical conditions. Part III provides useful information on supportive care, including for example, use of non-invasive ventilation and the care of a child with a tracheotomy. Part IV gives details on how to perform several practical procedures, such as ciliary brush biopsy, flexible bronchoscopy, and inserting a chest drain. The appendices provide information on lung function testing and tables of age-corrected normal values for several respiratory parameters. Written by three consultants in paediatric respiratory medicine, their expertise in the subject provides all levels of paediatricians with practical guide on a subject that is increasingly relevant in paediatrics.
PART I. APPROACH TO CLINICAL PROBLEMS ; 1. Examining the respiratory system ; 2. Poorly controlled asthma ; 3. Recurrent or persistent 'chest infection' ; 4. Chronic cough ; 5. Stridor ; 6. Infant apnoea ; 7. Cystic fibrosis: poor weight gain ; 8. Cystic fibrosis: loss of lung function ; 9. Chest pain ; 10. Haemoptysis ; 11. The immuno-compromised child ; 12. Muscle weakness ; 13. Pneumonia on the intensive care unit ; PART II. SPECIFIC CONDITIONS ; 14. Asthma ; 15. Cystic fibrosis ; 16. Respiratory pathogens ; 17. Community-acquired pneumonia ; 18. Bacterial infection ; 19. Viral infection ; 20. Fungal infection ; 21. Parasitic and protozoal infection ; 22. Tuberculosis ; 23. Human immunodeficiency virus infection ; 24. Structural problems of upper and lower airway ; 25. Sleep disordered breathing and other sleep problems ; 26. Respiratory control disorders ; 27. Sudden infant death syndrome ; 28. Apparent life-threatening events ; 29. Cerebral palsy ; 30. Gastro-oesophageal reflux and aspiration lung disease ; 31. Foreign body aspiration ; 32. Inhalational lung disease ; 33. Non-cystic bronchiectasis ; 34. Primary ciliary dyskinesia ; 35. Primary immune deficiency ; 36. Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans ; 37. Pleural effusion ; 38. Pneumothorax ; 39. Chronic lung disease of prematurity ; 40. Chest wall deformity and scoliosis ; 41. Congenital lung anomalies ; 42. Craniofacial abnormalities ; 43. Atopic eczema and allergic rhinitis ; 44. Food allergy ; 45. Heart disease ; 46. Interstitial lung disease ; 47. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis ; 48. Neuromuscular weakness ; 49. Thoracic tumours ; 50. Pulmonary complications of cancer treatment ; 51. Pulmonary hypertension ; 52. Pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia ; 53. Sickle-cell disease ; 54. Rare diseases affecting lungs or airway ; 55. Lung transplantation ; PART III. SUPPORTIVE CARE ; 56. Use of oxygen ; 57. Inhalers and nebulizers ; 58. Airway clearance techniques ; 59. Immunization ; 60. Dealing with non-adherence to therapy ; 61. Non-invasive ventilation ; 62. Tracheostomy ; PART IV. PRACTICAL PROCEDURES ; 63. Airway management ; 64. Bronchoscopy ; 65. Chest drain ; 66. Changing a tracheostomy tube ; 67. Ciliary brush biopsy ; 68. Lower airway samples ; 69. Exercise testing ; 70. Exhaled and nasal nitric oxide measurement ; 71. Skin prick testing ; APPENDICES ; 1. Blood gas and acid-base balance ; 2. Fitness to fly ; 3. Polysomnography ; 4. Measuring lung function ; 5. Lung function - reference values